Business Accountants: Understanding Changes in Residential Property Taxation

 

Recent years have seen significant adjustments to the tax landscape, particularly concerning residential property. The government has responded to calls from various quarters to address investor demand in this sector. Notably, recent changes have been initiated to reverse tax policies affecting residential property, aligning with promises made by both National and ACT during their election campaigns.


Interest Deductibility on Residential Rental Properties


A pivotal change introduced from the 2021 tax year was the interest limitation rules aimed at residential rental property owners claiming deductions for interest on their property loans.


Under the previous regime, interest deduction was gradually phased out. However, moving forward, the rules have been revised to allow a different proportion of interest costs as deductions, as indicated below:


  • 80% of interest deductions from April 1, 2024, to March 31, 2025
  • 100% of interest deductions from April 1, 2025, onwards

These changes are effective from April 1, 2024, and April 1, 2025, respectively.

 Taxpayers with non-standard balance dates will need to adjust interest apportionment accordingly during the transitional years.


Certain taxpayers and properties previously exempt from interest limitation rules will remain unaffected by these changes. However, for those impacted by these rules, changes apply universally, irrespective of property acquisition or borrowing timing.


Upon complete restoration of interest deductions, the interest limitation rules will be abolished from April 1, 2025. Taxpayers disposing of residential land may still claim deductions for previously denied interest under these rules.


It’s crucial to note that residential ring-fencing rules, limiting deductions to rental income, remain unaffected.


Bright-Line Changes


The bright-line test, aimed at residential land, taxes gains on property sales within specified timeframes.


The current 10-year and 5-year new build tests will be replaced by a new 2-year test effective from July 1, 2024. The main home exclusion will return to its simplified form, generally exempting land primarily used as a main home.


Rollover rules, offering concessions for transfers among family trusts and related parties, have been extended to cover most transfers between associated individuals.


These changes aim to simplify residential property tax rules, offering taxpayers greater certainty. The effectiveness of these policies in achieving housing supply goals and their impact on tax system complexity remains a subject of debate.

 

 

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Business Accountants: Understanding Changes in Residential Property Taxation

Recent years have seen significant adjustments to the tax landscape, particularly concerning residential property. The government has responded to calls from various quarters to address investor demand in this sector. Notably, recent changes have been initiated to reverse tax policies affecting residential property, aligning with promises made by both National and ACT during their election campaigns.

Read More »
New Zealand Accounting, Bookkeeping & Property Business Consultancy Services | Wellington & Lower Hutt Xero Property Accountants Business coach business consultation business adviser

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